Like any other thing in this world, the internet started out small and grew into what we know today as a virtual world so popular, so irresistible, and a major part of our everyday lives. It was first introduced as a simply a set of web pages joined together by hyperlinks. Generally, the internet back then was just a collection of static websites that were not able to support interactive content. It was then later evolved into a new era, a time of possibilities; a time where it all became more interactive and renamed into Web 2.0.
Web 2.0 is the second generation in the development of the World Wide Web, often characterized especially by its changes from static to dynamic web pages. It was conceived as a combination of concepts, trends, and technologies that focus on user collaboration, sharing of user-generated content, and social networking. In a simpler approach, web 2.0 encourages communication and collaboration between users in exciting new ways.
Web 3.0 is the third version of the web. It is likely to be able to express a kind of intelligence by combining new ideas from artificial intelligence, natural language processing and data mining strategies. Web 3.0 is currently under development and there are no definite explanations yet to how and what changes compared to previous versions. However, the most commonly known aspects of web 3.0 are internet of things and semantic web.
Semantic web is a proposed development of the World Wide Web in which computers are able to interpret and act on natural language. The idea behind semantic web is that it is chasing a goal in which computers will take some roles of what we users do on the web. For example, instead of me manually filling out a survey form, the computer will do it on my behalf, which will make the web a “machine-processable” environment.
Internet of things, on the other hand, is a network of devices, appliances, and other objects equipped with computer chips and sensors that can collect and transmit data throughout the internet. Think of technology as an example, specifically the new gadgets and portable devices. We’re talking about smartphones, GPS, portable computers, automobiles, office machines, and countless more.
So with all the connections and devices all set-up, there has to be some kind of a backbone to all of this. This is where Information Architecture comes in. Information Architecture is the design, style, feeling, functionality, and organization of an online resource usually with regards to usability. It is the idea which deals with what and how a website should present itself in a way that suits and communicates with users and still deliver the intended purpose.
In relation to Web 1.0 through Web 3.0, information architecture supplies the foundation behind all. In Web 1.0, the structure is mostly flat and basic, offering a readable data service. In Web 2.0, it became writable which brings in interactivity on applications like Wiki, Youtube, Facebook and so on. Looking ahead, Web 3.0 will be most likely an executable “machine to machine” interaction. One good example is Tivo.
To be more creative and look further ahead, we may soon have a Web 4.0 and a Web 5.0, which are both still ideas that people are putting together. But judging from how the web evolves from readable to writable , then executable, the world will be probably moving towards a more mobile and machine interacting environment. Here machines will have almost or equal traits as humans. Scary isn’t it..
Therefore to sum up, here is a table of the common differences and similarities between the different versions of the World Wide Web:
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